Endodontic treatment or root canal treatment consists of the complete removal of the dental pulp that, for some reason, whether due to bacterial colonization or trauma cannot adequately carry out its function. The opening or approach to the pulp cavity differs according to each individual tooth and this very important for good access to the root canals system.
The elimination of the dental pulp and the decontamination of the dentine wall will be performed manually with hand files or with rotary mechanical devices or a combination of the two.
From start to finish a root canal procedure usually takes 2 – 3 appointments. After cleaning the root canal system out, they are sealed with GP (plastic points) and endodontic cement and the tooth will be built up with composite filling material. The tooth will require post & core for proper foundation in order to with stand chewing forces. After root canal treatment it is recommended to crown the tooth, as the tooth is now dead, it will become brittle and could break over time.
• Loss of tooth
• Nerve damage
• Break down of periodontal tissues
After the Procedure
You will need to see your dentist after the procedure to make sure the infection is gone. A dental x-ray may be taken. Regular dental checkups are necessary. For adults, this usually means a visit twice a year.
You may have some pain or soreness after the procedure. An over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can help relieve discomfort.
Most people can return to their normal routine the next day. Until the tooth is permanently filled or covered with a crown, you should avoid rough chewing in the area.